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Conwy Castle (formerly anglicised as Conway Castle) is a castle in Conwy, on the north coast of Wales. It was built between 1283 and 1289 as part of King Edward Is second campaign in north Wales. Like many of the castles in the area, it was designed by James of St. George, although Richard of Chester was responsible for the initial stages. The castle is divided into two wards, with the outer ward and inner ward surrounded by four towers each, with turrets. An estimated Â£15,000 was spent building the castle and the towns defenses.
Conwy superficially resembles a Concentric castle, but more accurately it is linear. Like Caernarfon Castle, it is built on a rock outcrop, to reduce the possibility of undermining. It also takes advantage of other geographical features.
Nearby Bodysgallen Hall was built in the 13th century as a watchtower for Conwy Castle to lookout for attack from a northerly exposure not easily watched from Conwy itself. Some of the stone used in construction of Conwy Castle has been linked to a quarry at the Bodysgallen property.
The castle is a Scheduled Ancient Monument and part of the World Heritage Site Castles and Town Walls of King Edward I in Gwynedd .Francis Bedford was an architect, as well as a draughtsman and lithographer. In 1854 he was commissioned by Queen Victoria to photograph objects in the royal collection, and later photographed Prince Alberts native town of Coburg. He also captured previously unrecorded sites when accompanying the Prince of Wales on a tour of the Holy Land. But Bedford is best known for his numerous views of Great Britain; including views of Wales, Devon, Warwickshire and Stratford-upon-Avon, as well as a stereoscopic series, English Scenery.