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For those of our readers who air interested in a career in engineering, the great firm of Vickers-Armstrong will have many Interesting things on their stand at Hulton’s Boys and Girls Exhibition. Among the models shown, three are represented here in full-scale action. They are, the new Vickers Vanguard airliner for British European Airways, the VR-180 tractor and the new Vickers-Supermarine N. 113 supersonic tighter for the Fleet Air Arm.
The aircraft earner H.M.A.S. Meboume, for the Royal Australian Navy, will be represented by some splendid enlarged photographs.
While we are doing our Christmas shopping and ordering goods, it is interesting to know how the men in some of tbc outposts of the Commonwealth – In the jungle or desert, hundreds of miles from any shop – will get their supplies. In this pictorial feature, we show the new Scottish Aviation Twin Pioneer aircraft. in the role of Father Christmas, bringing supplies to an outpost in the jungle and about to touch down on a cleared jungle strip. It can also be adapted to carry 16 passengers. This aircraft can lake off in a 100 yards, and land in even less, at the amazingly low speed of 48 m.p.h. This is made possible by the use of slats and large flaps, as described below. The twin-engined Pioneer is a high-wing monoplane of all-metal contraction, powered by two 550 h.p. Aivis Leonides radial engines.
KEY TO FEATURES: (1) Pilot. (2) Radio Officers seat. (3) Forward escape-hatch. (4) Starboard Alvis Leonides 550 h.p. nine cylinder, radial engine. (5) Exhaust manifold. (6) Starboard slat extended. These slats restore the air flow over the wing at low speeds and prevent stalling or dripping (7-7) Rack and pinions operating slat. (8) The Path of air through slat. (9) Starboard aileron. (10) Starboard fixed undercarriage. (11) Undercarriage leg and shock-absorber. (12) Bracing arms. (13) Starboard crash-proof fuel tanks; 80 gallons. (14) Inner starboard Haps. (15) Freight compartment. (16) Slat-operating hydraulic jack. (17) Flap-operating hydraulic jack. (18) Port engine. (19) Port slat and operating rod. (20) Port crash-proof fuel tanks; 80 gallons. (21) Outer port flaps. (22) Inner port flaps. When fully extended for landing, these flaps act as air brakes. (23-23) Rack and pinions operating flaps. (24) Entrance door. (25) After escape-hatch. (26) Mail compartment. (27) Rudder and fin; three in all. (28) Tail plane. (29) Elevators and trim tabs. (30) Rear navigation light. (31) Fixed tail-wheel unit.
The Slat in nature. A duck alighting and using its “alula” wings (A-A) to maintain a certain amount of left whilst, with its body and tail down (B), it reduces landing speed.
THE VANGUARD AIRLINER
The new Vanguard airliner (centre). Emphasis has been made in (his drawing of the flying and enginecontrols.
KEY TO CONTROLS
(1) Pilot at the hand-wheel controls (elevators and ailerons). (2) Co-pilot (dual controls) and Right Engineer. (3) Engine control pedestal. (4) Rudder pedals. (5) Aileron control rod. (6) Elevator control rod. (7) Rudder control rod. All the control rods are of the push-pull type. (8) Starboard engine controls. (9) Port engine controls. (10) Port engine control torsion box. (11) Starboard engine control torsion box. (12) Aileron control servo-motor. Servo-motors assist the pilot’s application to the push-pull rods. (13) Starboard aileron. All the control surfaces are servo-operated; that is, the control rods move the small tabs which, in turn, move the main surfaces. (14) Outer controls. (15) Inner starboard engine control*. (16) Inner port engine control*. (17) Outer port engine control*. (18) One of (be four Rolls-Royce Tyne propeller-turbine engines, each developing 4,020 h.p., plus 1,175 pounds’ jet thrust. (19) Port aileron controls. (20) Rudder control servo-motor. (21) Elevator control servo-motor. (22) Control rod seals. (23) Elevator control rods. (24) Port elevator controls. (25) Rudder controls. (26) Starboard elevator controls.
KEY TO OTHER PARTS (27) Rear passenger saloon. (2ft) Double skin of pressurized fuselage. (29) Rear pantry. (30) Central passenger saloon and arrangement of seats for carrying 93 passengers in three separate saloons. (31) Rear freight door. There are two large freight-holds under the floor. (32) Starboard flaps; the flaps are hydraulically-operated (not shown). (33) Port flaps. (34) Forward freight door.
VICKERS – SUPERMARINE N.113
A supersonic fighter for the Fleet Air Ann. Two Rolls-Royce Avon turbojet engines (35-36). Port and starboard air-intakes. (37) Cockpit and ejector-seat. (38) Swept-back wings. (39) Aircraft carrier landing-arrester-hook.